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Part of loving God with our minds is applying ourselves to reason and knowledge, seasoned with faith. In the life of a Christ-follower, developing and articulating sound reasoning for your faith is known as Christian Apologetics. As Dallas Willard puts it, “The extent of integration of his or her total being into that Kingdom order (a powerful spiritual life) significantly depends upon the individual’s initiative.”

Gathering information from a plethora of sources, and soaking up the wisdom where we can is so paramount to developing a fully integrated spiritual life because it allows us to practice discernment, grow awareness, stretch and mature our theology, and it raises the overall level of our lives towards God’s truths. The activities that engage the mind and body purposefully help us to bring our personalities and our total being into effective cooperation with the kingdom of God, illuminating the depths of our total personality, which is the subject of our full salvation.

This list is not exhaustive at all, but are merely some of the most helpful I have found when it comes to precise theological articulation on various topics concerning what it means to be a Christian in a post-Christian secular society.

  1.  Jeffrey Stout, The Flight from Authority: Religion, Morality, and the Quest for Autonomy (Notre Dame, INd.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1981).

  2. Joyce Appleby, Capitalism and a New Social Order: The Republican Vision of the 1790’s (New York: New York University Press, 1984).

  3. George Marsden, Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1991

  4. Stanley Kurtz, “The Future of History’,” Policy Review 113 (June/July 2002), at //www.policyreview.org/JUN02/kurtz.html.

  5. Patricia Bonomi, Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society, and Politics in Colonial America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).

  6. Nathan Hatch , the Democratization of American Christianity (New Haven, Conn.:Yale University Press, 1991).

  7. Os Guiness, Fit Bodies, Fat Minds: Why Evangelicals Don’t Think and What To Do About It (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1994).

  8. Gordon S. Wood, The Radicalism of the American Revolution: How a Revolution Transformed a Monarchial Society into a Democratic One Unlike Any That Had Ever Existed (New York: Knopf, 1992).

  9. Alexis de Toquerville, Democracy in America, vol1. 1 (New York: Knopf, 1980)

  10. Roger Finke and Rodney Stark, The Churching of America 1776-1990: Winners and Losers in Our Religious Economy (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1992).
  11. Udo Middleman, The Market Driven Church: The Worldly Influence of Modern Culture on the Church in America (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 2004

  12. Wade Clark Roof, Spiritual Marketplace: Baby Boomers and the Remaking of American Religion (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999.

  13. Richard Dawkins, “Genetics: Why Prince Charles Is So Wrong,” Checkbiotech.org, January 28, 2003.

  14. Jacques Monod, Chance and Necessity: An Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern Biology, trans. Austryn Wainhouse (New York: Knopf, 1971).

  15. William A. Demski, The Design of Inference (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998). A more accessible form of his argument is given in his Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science and Theology (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1999). More brief treatments are found in William A. Demski, Science and Design” in First Things 86 (October 1998):

  16. David Swift, Evolution Under The Microscope: A Scientific Critique of The Theory Of Evolution (Stirling University Innovation Park, UK: Leighton Academic, 2002).

  17. Charles Thaxton, Walter Bradley, and Roger Olsen, The Mystery of Life’s Origin (Dallas: Lewis and Stanley, 1992; originally published by Philosophical Library, 1984).

  18. Dean Kenyon and Gary Steinman, Biochemical Predestination (New York: McGraw -Hill, 1969).

  19. Phillip E. Johnson, Reason in the Balance: The Case Against Naturalism in Science, Law, and Education (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1995).

  20. John Myers, “A Scopes Trial In Reverse,” at http://leaderu.com/real/ri9401/scopes.html.

  21. Steve Meyer, “Danger: Indoctrination- A Scopes Trial for the 90’s,” The Wall Street Journal, December 6, 1993).

  22. Richard Dawkins, River Out Of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life (New York: Harper Collins, 1995).

  23. Paul Davies, “How We Could Create Life: The Key to Existence Will Be Found Not In The Primordial Sludge, but in the Nanotechnology of the Living Cell,” The Guardian, December 11, 2002.

  24. A.E Wilder-Smith, The Creation of Life: A Cybernetic Approach to Evolution (Costa Mesa, Calif.: The World for Today, 1970); Man’s Origin, Man’s Destiny: A Critical Survey of the Principles of Evolution and Christianity (Minneapolis: Bethany, 1968); The Natural Sciences Know Nothing of Evolution (Costa Mesa, Calif.: The Word For Today, 1981); The Scientific Alternative to Neo-Darwinism Evolutionary Theory: Information Sources and Structures (Costa Mesa, Calif.: The Word For Today, 1987).

  25. David L. Hull, Darwin and his Critics: The Reception of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973).

  26. John Maddox, “Churchman preaching to the unconvertible,” review of God outside the Box: Why Spiritual People Object to Christianity, by Richard Harries, The Times Higher Education Supplement, February 7, 2003.

  27. Paul H. Rubin, Darwinian Politics: The Evolutionary Origin of Freedom (New Brunswick, N. J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002)

  28. Arthur E. Gandolfi, Anna S. Gandolfi, and David P. Barash, Economics as an Evolutionary Science: From Utility to Fitness (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transactions, 2002).

  29. Dean Keith Simonton, Origins of Genius: Darwinian Perspectives in Creativity (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

  30. Mary Ann Glendon, Rights Talk: The Impoverishment of Political Discourse (New York: Free Press, 1993).

  31. John D. Beckett, Loving monday: Succeeding in Business Without Selling Your Soul (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1998).

  32. Roy Clouser, The Myth of Religious Neutrality: An Essay on the Hidden Role of Religious Belief in Theories (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991).

  33. Francis Schaeffer, The Finished Work of Christ: The Truth of Romans 1-8 (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 1998).

  34. Francis Schaeffer, True Spirituality, in the Complete Works of Francis A. Schaeffer, vol.3 (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway, 1982).

  35. Ken Blue, Healing Spiritual Abuse: How to Break Free From Bad Church Experiences (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1993).

  36. Kurt Senske, Executive Values: A Christian Approach to Organizational Leadership (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 2003).

  37. Lesslie Newbigin, The Gospel in a Pluralist Society (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eedermans, 1989).

  38. Rodney Stark, “Why God’s Should Matter in Social Science,” Chronicle of Higher Education 49, no. 39 (June 6, 2003). This article was adapted from Stark’s book For The Glory of God: How Monotheism Led to Reformations, Science, Witch-Hunts, and the End of Slavery (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. 2003).

  39. Sachiko Murata and William C. Chittik, “The Koran,” at http://www.quran.org.uk/ieb_quran_chittik.html

  40. C.S Lewis, Miracles: A Preliminary Study (1947; reprint, New York: Macmillian, 1960).

  41. C.S Lewis, Mere Christianity, and The Abolition of Man (all published most recently by Harper San Francisco, 2001): and God in the Docks: Essays on Theology and Ethics, ed. Walter Hooper (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eedermans, 1985)

  42. Paul Marshall with Lela Gilbert, Heaven is Not My Home: Living In The Now of God’s Creation (Nashville: Word, 1998)

  43. James Sire, The Universe Nextdoor: A Basic Worldview Catalog, 3rd. ed. (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1997).

  44. Arthur Holmes, All Truth Is God’s Truth (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1977).

  45. John Stott, Your Mind Matters (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVaristy, 1973).

  46. J.P Moreland, Love Your God With All Your Mind: The Role of Reason in the Life of the Soul (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 1997).

  47. David Naugle, The History of a Concept (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2002).

  48. Francis Schaeffer, Escape From Reason (Downers Grove, InterVarsity Press, 1998).

  49. Jon Roberts and James Turner, The Sacred and the Secular University (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000).

  50. Jacques Barzun, Darwin, Marx, Wagner: Critique of a Heritage (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1941).

  51. Jonathan Wells, Icons of Evolution (Washington, D.C.: Regenry, 2000).

  52. Phillip E. Johnson, The Wedge of Truth: Splitting the Foundations of Naturalism (Downers Grove, Ill. InterVarsity Press, 2000).

  53. Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Letters and Papers From Prison. London: Fontana, 1953.

  54. Berdyaev, Nicolas. Freedom and the Spirit. London: Bles, 1935

  55. Brightman, Edgar S. The Spiritual Life. New York: Abingdon-Cokesbury, 1942.

  56. Delitzsch, Franz. A System of Biblical Psychology. Translated by Robert E. Wallis. Edinburgh: Clark, 1869.

  57. Goldbrunner, Josef. Holiness is Wholeness and Other Essays. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1964.